Phnom Kulen National Park, a Richest Biodiversity Reserve in Cambodia

AKP Phnom Penh September 16, 2019 —

Phnom Kulen National Park is one of the natural protected areas rich in biodiversity, according to Cambodian Journal of Natural History 2019.

The first herpetofaunal surveys conducted in Phnom Kulen National Park, Siem Reap province, northern Cambodia found 86 species (25 amphibians and 61 reptiles). Those animals were recorded and data on their natural history were collected.

“Our analyses of stomach contents provide the first insight into the feeding ecology of several species. Our study is the first long term survey of amphibians and reptiles in a Cambodian protected area outside of the Cardamom Mountains. It shows the second highest number of species recorded nationally when compared with available data for other protected areas in Cambodia,” it said.

Phnom Kulen National Park is situated in the north of Siem Reap province, approximately 50 kilometres north of Siem Reap town and the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Angkor. Covering 37,373 ha, the park is a rather small protected area. The national park was established in 1993 by a Royal Decree and is under the management jurisdiction of the Ministry of Environment, although areas of archaeological value are managed by the APSARA Authority.

It is an exclusive geographical, predominantly sandstone feature in the largely flat central plains of northern Cambodia. Its highest peak is the Phnom Kulen with an elevation of 496 metres above sea level. The park is divided into two separate plateaus (Phnom Kbal Spean in the northwest and Phnom Kulen in the southeast) and is the source of the Siem Reap River.

(Photo: FFI)

By Khan Sophirom