Cambodian Population To Reach 22 Million by 2050

AKP Phnom Penh, August 30, 2018 —

The total population of Cambodia in 2050 was projected at 22.0 million, according to Population Reference Bureau (PRB).

The projected percent of the Cambodian population in 2050 under age 15 is 22 percent and ages 65 and older 12 percent, Ms. Charlotte Greenbaum, MSc Policy Analyst of PRB told AKP.

For Cambodia, the projected child dependency ratio in 2050 is 33 and the projected old-age dependency ratio is 18, she added.

Currently, the total population of Cambodia is about 16 million with 23 births and 6 deaths per 1,000 populations, the infant mortality rate is 24, while the total fertility rate is 2.6, therefore in mid-2030 the total population will increase to 18.8 million and to 22 million by 2050, PRB forecast.

According to this forecast report, the percentage of the urban people will be 23, and the number of the population per square kilometre of arable land is 421.

For Brunei in mid-2030 and 2050, the population will have stable rate at 0.5 million, Indonesia 293.9 and 319.7 million, Laos 8 and 9.2 million, Malaysia 36.8 and 41.7 million, Myanmar 58.9 and 62.4 million, the Philippines 126 and 152 million, Singapore 6.1 and 6 million, Thailand 66.7 and 62.6 million, and Vietnam 103.2 and 108.2 million.

The world population will reach 9.9 billion by 2050, up 2.3 billion or 29 percent from an estimated 7.6 billion people now.

This year’s forecast edition provides the latest data on 26 key population, health, and environment indicators for the world, the world’s regions, and more than 200 countries and territories, including Cambodia, said PRB in a press release.

Based on the projections, India will become the world’s most populous country with 1,680 million people, followed by China with 1,340 million, Nigeria with 411 million, and the Unites States with 390 million.

The population of 26 countries, nearly all in Africa, will at least double. Niger in West Africa will see its population nearly triple.

A total of 38 countries will have smaller populations in 2050 than in 2018. China will register the largest numerical population decrease―about 50 million―followed by Japan at 25 million and Russia at 9.4 million. Romania will see the largest percentage decline in population (23 percent).

As part of the analyses for this Data Sheet, PRB demographers grouped countries into five age dependency categories to better illustrate their demographic challenges and opportunities. The categories integrated two factors: the child dependency ratio—the ratio of children (those under age 15) to the working-age population (ages 15 to 64); and the old-age dependency ratio—the ratio of older adults (ages 65 and older) to the working-age population.

Many countries in the world are experiencing—and will continue to experience—population aging, with steady increases in the number of older adults, both in absolute terms and as a percentage of the total population. This trend poses challenges for countries in balancing the pension, health, and other benefits that older adults typically receive with investments in the well-being of younger generations.

By Khan Sophirom